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Customers have witnessed several generations of data technology emerge in the last few years as smartphone technology has evolved. The first iteration was 3G, followed by 4G LTE, and now there are rumblings of a 5G version in the horizon. Even though 5G technology may not yet be widely used, it is crucial that people become familiar with it today so they can choose whether the characteristics are suitable for them.
Many technologies fall under 5G. It includes LTE-U (LTE Unlicensed), C-V2X (Cellular Vehicle to Everything), LTE for IoT, cellular drone etc.
Following are the main features of 5G technology.
• Bandwidth: Supports 1Gbps or higher
• Frequency bands: Sub-1 GHz, 1 to 6 GHz, > 6 GHz in mm bands (28 GHz, 40 GHz)
• Peak data rate: Approx. 1 to 10 Gbps
• Cell Edge Data rate: 100 Mbps
• End to End delay : 1 to 5 ms
Advantages of 5G
1. Faster speeds
On phones and other devices, 5G performs faster than 4G and 4G LTE. Instead of taking minutes, users may download apps, music, movies, and videos instantly. Businesses can use the network’s 20 Gbps speed to provide services like automation and enhanced web conferencing, among other things. According to a recent poll, users who used 5G saved around 23 hours per day on downloading.
2. Short latency
With less latency than 4G, 5G is better able to handle cutting-edge applications like AI, IoT, and virtual reality. It also makes it simple for mobile phone users to access and browse websites. When you need to check up crucial information, it also provides you with a connection to the internet.
3. Increased capability
More than a hundred times more data might be handled by 5G than by 4G. Since it enables the analysis to transition between mobile and Wi-Fi wireless solutions, performance is greatly improved. It also offers useful ways to connect to the internet.
4. Wider bandwidth
The ability to transmit data as quickly as possible is made possible by 5G’s increased bandwidth, which is one of its key advantages. Also, by selecting a 5G network, mobile phone customers can get a faster connection with greater bandwidth.
Disadvantages of 5G
1. Insufficient worldwide coverage
The main disadvantage of 5G is that it is now only available in a few places throughout the world. Cities will benefit from the 5G network the most; rural areas might not get service for several years. In comparison to other networks, constructing tower stations is quite expensive.
2. Upload rates
Mobile phone users may enjoy fast download rates thanks to 5G technology, and Upload rates are not much shorter than 100 Mbps compared to 4G. Furthermore, mobile phones need better battery technology for a 5G connection. Many phone owners report that when using 5G, their handsets become hotter.
3. Weakening of gadget batteries
Phones that use a 5G connection will undergo significant power drain, reducing battery life significantly. As a result, producers must invest in innovative battery technology to prevent batteries from breakage and other issues.
One of the negatives of 5G is the potential for hacking. The increased bandwidth makes it easier for hackers to take the database. It also makes advantage of software that enables weak attacks. When more devices are connected via 5G, the likelihood of an assault rises noticeably. In order to defend their infrastructure, companies and organisations will have to invest more money on a security operations centre.